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微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架

Nick · 9月21日 · 2022年 · · 本文35531字 · 阅读89分钟26

分布式事务问题由来

分布式前

  • 单机单库没这个问题
  • 从1:1 -> 1:N -> N:N

单体应用被拆分成微服务应用,原来的三个模块被拆分成三个独立的应用,分别使用三个独立的数据源,业务操作需要调用三三 个服务来完成。此时每个服务内部的数据一致性由本地事务来保证, 但是全局的数据一致性问题没法保证

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

一句话:一次业务操作需要跨多个数据源或需要跨多个系统进行远程调用,就会产生分布式事务问题

Seata术语

是什么

Seata是一款开源的分布式事务解决方案,致力于在微服务架构下提供高性能和简单易用的分布式事务服务。

官方网址

能干嘛

一个典型的分布式事务过程

分布式事务处理过程的一ID+三组件模型:

  • Transaction ID XID 全局唯一的事务ID

  • 三组件概念

    • TC (Transaction Coordinator) - 事务协调者:维护全局和分支事务的状态,驱动全局事务提交或回滚。
    • TM (Transaction Manager) - 事务管理器:定义全局事务的范围:开始全局事务、提交或回滚全局事务。
    • RM (Resource Manager) - 资源管理器:管理分支事务处理的资源,与TC交谈以注册分支事务和报告分支事务的状态,并驱动分支事务提交或回滚。

处理过程:

  1. TM向TC申请开启一个全局事务,全局事务创建成功并生成一个全局唯一的XID;
  2. XID在微服务调用链路的上下文中传播;
  3. RM向TC注册分支事务,将其纳入XID对应全局事务的管辖;
  4. TM向TC发起针对XID的全局提交或回滚决议;
  5. TC调度XID下管辖的全部分支事务完成提交或回滚请求。

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

Seata-Server安装

去哪下

发布说明: https://github.com/seata/seata/releases

怎么玩

本地@Transactional

全局@GlobalTransactional

SEATA 的分布式交易解决方案

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

我们只需要使用一个 @GlobalTransactional 注解在业务方法上:

Seata-Server安装

官网地址 - http://seata.io/zh-cn/

下载版本 - 1.5.2

当前是20220831,最新版本为 - 1.5.2

seata-server-1.5.2.zip解压到指定目录

进入 cd seata

进入 cd conf

修改 application.yml: vim application.yml 注意替换自己的 nacos地址

server:
  port: 7091

spring:
  application:
    name: seata-server

logging:
  config: classpath:logback-spring.xml
  file:
    path: ${user.home}/logs/seata
  #extend:
   # logstash-appender:
    #  destination: 127.0.0.1:4560
    #kafka-appender:
     # bootstrap-servers: 127.0.0.1:9092
      #topic: logback_to_logstash

console:
  user:
    username: seata
    password: seata

seata:
  config:
    # support: nacos, consul, apollo, zk, etcd3
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      server-addr: 127.0.0.1:1111
      namespace:
      group: SEATA_GROUP
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
      data-id: seataServer.properties
  registry:
    # support: nacos, eureka, redis, zk, consul, etcd3, sofa
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      application: seata-server
      server-addr: 127.0.0.1:1111
      group: SEATA_GROUP
      namespace:
      cluster: default
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
 # store:
    # support: file 、 db 、 redis
 #   mode: file
#  server:
#    service-port: 8091 #If not configured, the default is '${server.port} + 1000'
  security:
    secretKey: SeataSecretKey0c382ef121d778043159209298fd40bf3850a017
    tokenValidityInMilliseconds: 1800000
    ignore:
      urls: /,/**/*.css,/**/*.js,/**/*.html,/**/*.map,/**/*.svg,/**/*.png,/**/*.ico,/console-fe/public/**,/api/v1/auth/login

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

进入 /usr/local/project/seata/script/config-center

修改 vim config.txt 注意

#For details about configuration items, see https://seata.io/zh-cn/docs/user/configurations.html
#Transport configuration, for client and server
transport.type=TCP
transport.server=NIO
transport.heartbeat=true
transport.enableTmClientBatchSendRequest=false
transport.enableRmClientBatchSendRequest=true
transport.enableTcServerBatchSendResponse=false
transport.rpcRmRequestTimeout=30000
transport.rpcTmRequestTimeout=30000
transport.rpcTcRequestTimeout=30000
transport.threadFactory.bossThreadPrefix=NettyBoss
transport.threadFactory.workerThreadPrefix=NettyServerNIOWorker
transport.threadFactory.serverExecutorThreadPrefix=NettyServerBizHandler
transport.threadFactory.shareBossWorker=false
transport.threadFactory.clientSelectorThreadPrefix=NettyClientSelector
transport.threadFactory.clientSelectorThreadSize=1
transport.threadFactory.clientWorkerThreadPrefix=NettyClientWorkerThread
transport.threadFactory.bossThreadSize=1
transport.threadFactory.workerThreadSize=default
transport.shutdown.wait=3
transport.serialization=seata
transport.compressor=none

#Transaction routing rules configuration, only for the client
service.vgroupMapping.my_tx_group=default
#If you use a registry, you can ignore it
service.default.grouplist=10.211.55.5:8091
service.enableDegrade=false
service.disableGlobalTransaction=false

#Transaction rule configuration, only for the client
client.rm.asyncCommitBufferLimit=10000
client.rm.lock.retryInterval=10
client.rm.lock.retryTimes=30
client.rm.lock.retryPolicyBranchRollbackOnConflict=true
client.rm.reportRetryCount=5
client.rm.tableMetaCheckEnable=true
client.rm.tableMetaCheckerInterval=60000
client.rm.sqlParserType=druid
client.rm.reportSuccessEnable=false
client.rm.sagaBranchRegisterEnable=false
client.rm.sagaJsonParser=fastjson
client.rm.tccActionInterceptorOrder=-2147482648
client.tm.commitRetryCount=5
client.tm.rollbackRetryCount=5
client.tm.defaultGlobalTransactionTimeout=60000
client.tm.degradeCheck=false
client.tm.degradeCheckAllowTimes=10
client.tm.degradeCheckPeriod=2000
client.tm.interceptorOrder=-2147482648
client.undo.dataValidation=true
client.undo.logSerialization=jackson
client.undo.onlyCareUpdateColumns=true
server.undo.logSaveDays=7
server.undo.logDeletePeriod=86400000
client.undo.logTable=undo_log
client.undo.compress.enable=true
client.undo.compress.type=zip
client.undo.compress.threshold=64k
#For TCC transaction mode
tcc.fence.logTableName=tcc_fence_log
tcc.fence.cleanPeriod=1h

#Log rule configuration, for client and server
log.exceptionRate=100

#Transaction storage configuration, only for the server. The file, DB, and redis configuration values are optional.
#store.mode=file
#store.lock.mode=file
#store.session.mode=file
#Used for password encryption
#store.publicKey=

#If `store.mode,store.lock.mode,store.session.mode` are not equal to `file`, you can remove the configuration block.
#store.file.dir=file_store/data
#store.file.maxBranchSessionSize=16384
#store.file.maxGlobalSessionSize=512
#store.file.fileWriteBufferCacheSize=16384
#store.file.flushDiskMode=async
#store.file.sessionReloadReadSize=100

#These configurations are required if the `store mode` is `db`. If `store.mode,store.lock.mode,store.session.mode` are not equal to `db`, you can remove the configuration block.
store.db.datasource=druid
store.db.dbType=mysql
store.db.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
store.db.url=jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata?useUnicode=true&rewriteBatchedStatements=true
store.db.user=root
store.db.password=123456
store.db.minConn=5
store.db.maxConn=30
store.db.globalTable=global_table
store.db.branchTable=branch_table
store.db.distributedLockTable=distributed_lock
store.db.queryLimit=100
store.db.lockTable=lock_table
store.db.maxWait=5000

#These configurations are required if the `store mode` is `redis`. If `store.mode,store.lock.mode,store.session.mode` are not equal to `redis`, you can remove the configuration block.
#store.redis.mode=single
#store.redis.single.host=127.0.0.1
#store.redis.single.port=6379
#store.redis.sentinel.masterName=
#store.redis.sentinel.sentinelHosts=
#store.redis.maxConn=10
#store.redis.minConn=1
#store.redis.maxTotal=100
#store.redis.database=0
#store.redis.password=
#store.redis.queryLimit=100

#Transaction rule configuration, only for the server
server.recovery.committingRetryPeriod=1000
server.recovery.asynCommittingRetryPeriod=1000
server.recovery.rollbackingRetryPeriod=1000
server.recovery.timeoutRetryPeriod=1000
server.maxCommitRetryTimeout=-1
server.maxRollbackRetryTimeout=-1
server.rollbackRetryTimeoutUnlockEnable=false
server.distributedLockExpireTime=10000
server.xaerNotaRetryTimeout=60000
server.session.branchAsyncQueueSize=5000
server.session.enableBranchAsyncRemove=false
server.enableParallelRequestHandle=false

#Metrics configuration, only for the server
metrics.enabled=false
metrics.registryType=compact
metrics.exporterList=prometheus
metrics.exporterPrometheusPort=9898

进入 /usr/local/project/seata/script/config-center/nacos

执行 sh nacos-config.sh

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

登录自己的nocas地址
微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

新建数据库表 seata

执行脚本(脚本位置:seata/script/server/db/mysql.sql)

-- -------------------------------- The script used when storeMode is 'db' --------------------------------
-- the table to store GlobalSession data
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `global_table`
(
    `xid`                       VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL,
    `transaction_id`            BIGINT,
    `status`                    TINYINT      NOT NULL,
    `application_id`            VARCHAR(32),
    `transaction_service_group` VARCHAR(32),
    `transaction_name`          VARCHAR(128),
    `timeout`                   INT,
    `begin_time`                BIGINT,
    `application_data`          VARCHAR(2000),
    `gmt_create`                DATETIME,
    `gmt_modified`              DATETIME,
    PRIMARY KEY (`xid`),
    KEY `idx_status_gmt_modified` (`status` , `gmt_modified`),
    KEY `idx_transaction_id` (`transaction_id`)
) ENGINE = InnoDB
  DEFAULT CHARSET = utf8mb4;

-- the table to store BranchSession data
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `branch_table`
(
    `branch_id`         BIGINT       NOT NULL,
    `xid`               VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL,
    `transaction_id`    BIGINT,
    `resource_group_id` VARCHAR(32),
    `resource_id`       VARCHAR(256),
    `branch_type`       VARCHAR(8),
    `status`            TINYINT,
    `client_id`         VARCHAR(64),
    `application_data`  VARCHAR(2000),
    `gmt_create`        DATETIME(6),
    `gmt_modified`      DATETIME(6),
    PRIMARY KEY (`branch_id`),
    KEY `idx_xid` (`xid`)
) ENGINE = InnoDB
  DEFAULT CHARSET = utf8mb4;

-- the table to store lock data
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `lock_table`
(
    `row_key`        VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL,
    `xid`            VARCHAR(128),
    `transaction_id` BIGINT,
    `branch_id`      BIGINT       NOT NULL,
    `resource_id`    VARCHAR(256),
    `table_name`     VARCHAR(32),
    `pk`             VARCHAR(36),
    `status`         TINYINT      NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '0:locked ,1:rollbacking',
    `gmt_create`     DATETIME,
    `gmt_modified`   DATETIME,
    PRIMARY KEY (`row_key`),
    KEY `idx_status` (`status`),
    KEY `idx_branch_id` (`branch_id`),
    KEY `idx_xid_and_branch_id` (`xid` , `branch_id`)
) ENGINE = InnoDB
  DEFAULT CHARSET = utf8mb4;

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `distributed_lock`
(
    `lock_key`       CHAR(20) NOT NULL,
    `lock_value`     VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
    `expire`         BIGINT,
    primary key (`lock_key`)
) ENGINE = InnoDB
  DEFAULT CHARSET = utf8mb4;

INSERT INTO `distributed_lock` (lock_key, lock_value, expire) VALUES ('AsyncCommitting', ' ', 0);
INSERT INTO `distributed_lock` (lock_key, lock_value, expire) VALUES ('RetryCommitting', ' ', 0);
INSERT INTO `distributed_lock` (lock_key, lock_value, expire) VALUES ('RetryRollbacking', ' ', 0);
INSERT INTO `distributed_lock` (lock_key, lock_value, expire) VALUES ('TxTimeoutCheck', ' ', 0);

进入 /usr/local/project/seata/bin

启动 seata

./seata-server.sh

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

启动完成会注册到 nacos 中

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

至此Seata-Server安装完成,并服务注入nacos

Seata业务数据库准备

以下演示都需要先启动Nacos后启动Seata,保证两个都OK。

分布式事务业务说明

这里我们会创建三个服务,一个订单服务,一个库存服务,一个账户服务。

当用户下单时,会在订单服务中创建一个订单, 然后通过远程调用库存服务来扣减下单商品的库存,再通过远程调用账户服务来扣减用户账户里面的余额,最后在订单服务中修改订单状态为已完成。

该操作跨越三个数据库,有两次远程调用,很明显会有分布式事务问题。

一言蔽之,下订单—>扣库存—>减账户(余额)。

创建业务数据库

  • seata_order:存储订单的数据库;
  • seata_storage:存储库存的数据库;
  • seata_account:存储账户信息的数据库。

建库SQL

CREATE DATABASE seata_order;
CREATE DATABASE seata_storage;
CREATE DATABASE seata_account;

按照上述3库分别建对应业务表

  • seata_order库下建t_order表
CREATE TABLE t_order (
    `id` BIGINT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    `user_id` BIGINT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '用户id',
    `product_id` BIGINT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '产品id',
    `count` INT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '数量',
    `money` DECIMAL(11,0) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '金额',
    `status` INT(1) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '订单状态: 0:创建中; 1:已完结'
) ENGINE=INNODB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

SELECT * FROM t_order;
  • seata_storage库下建t_storage表
CREATE TABLE t_storage (
`id` BIGINT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
`product_id` BIGINT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '产品id',
`total` INT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '总库存',
`used` INT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '已用库存',
`residue` INT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '剩余库存'
) ENGINE=INNODB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

INSERT INTO seata_storage.t_storage(`id`, `product_id`, `total`, `used`, `residue`)
VALUES ('1', '1', '100', '0','100');

SELECT * FROM t_storage;
  • seata_account库下建t_account表
CREATE TABLE t_account(
    `id` BIGINT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY COMMENT 'id',
    `user_id` BIGINT(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '用户id',
    `total` DECIMAL(10,0) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '总额度',
    `used` DECIMAL(10,0) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '已用余额',
    `residue` DECIMAL(10,0) DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '剩余可用额度'
) ENGINE=INNODB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

INSERT INTO seata_account.t_account(`id`, `user_id`, `total`, `used`, `residue`)
VALUES ('1', '1', '1000', '0', '1000');

SELECT * FROM t_account;

按照上述3库分别建对应的回滚日志表

  • 订单-库存-账户3个库下都需要建各自的回滚日志表
  • \seata-server-0.9.0\seata\conf目录下的db_ undo_ log.sql
  • 建表SQL
-- the table to store seata xid data
-- 0.7.0+ add context
-- you must to init this sql for you business databese. the seata server not need it.
-- 此脚本必须初始化在你当前的业务数据库中,用于AT 模式XID记录。与server端无关(注:业务数据库)
-- 注意此处0.3.0+ 增加唯一索引 ux_undo_log
drop table `undo_log`;
CREATE TABLE `undo_log` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `branch_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
  `xid` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `context` varchar(128) NOT NULL,
  `rollback_info` longblob NOT NULL,
  `log_status` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `log_created` datetime NOT NULL,
  `log_modified` datetime NOT NULL,
  `ext` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `ux_undo_log` (`xid`,`branch_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Seata之Order-Module配置搭建

下订单 -> 减库存 -> 扣余额 -> 改(订单)状态

seata-order-service2001

POM

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>springcloud</artifactId>
        <groupId>cn.kt</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>seata-order-service2001</artifactId>

    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>8</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>8</maven.compiler.target>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <!--nacos-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-nacos-discovery</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--seata-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-seata</artifactId>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <artifactId>seata-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
                    <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
            <artifactId>seata-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--feign-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--web-actuator-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--mysql-druid-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.6</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

配置文件

YML

server:
  port: 2001

spring:
  application:
    name: seata-order-service
  cloud:
    nacos:
      discovery:
        server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata_order
    username: root
    password: 123456

feign:
  hystrix:
    enabled: false

logging:
  level:
    io:
      seata: info

mybatis:
  mapperLocations: classpath:mapper/*.xml

seata:
  tx-service-group: my_tx_group
  config:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111 #填线上Nacos的IP:PORT
      namespace: #命名空间,使用默认的不用填
      group: SEATA_GROUP #组
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
      data-id: seataServer.properties #seataServer配置文件
  registry:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      application: seata-server #注册服务名称
      server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111 #填线上Nacos的IP:PORT
      group: SEATA_GROUP #组
      namespace: #命名空间,使用默认的不用填
      cluster: default
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
  store:
    mode: db
    db:
      datasource: druid
      db-type: mysql
      driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
      url: jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata?serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai #填线上Mysql的IP:PORT,seata数据库名,要和前面插入seata表同一个名
      user: root #数据库账号
      password: 123456 #数据库密码
      min-conn: 5
      max-conn: 100
      global-table: global_table
      branch-table: branch_table
      lock-table: lock_table
      distributed-lock-table: distributed_lock
      query-limit: 100
      max-wait: 5000
  service:
    vgroup-mapping:
      my_tx_group: my_tx_group
    grouplist:
      default: 10.211.55.5:8091

特别要注意配置问题

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

domain

package cn.kt.springcloud.domain;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 10:45
 * 描述:
 */

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class CommonResult<T> {
    private Integer code;
    private String message;
    private T data;

    public CommonResult(Integer code, String message) {
        this(code, message, null);
    }
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonFormat;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 10:45
 * 描述:
 */
@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Order {
    private Long id;

    private Long userId;

    private Long productId;

    private Integer count;

    @JsonFormat(shape = JsonFormat.Shape.STRING)
    private BigDecimal money;

    private Integer status; //订单状态:0:创建中;1:已完结
}

Seata之Order-Module撸码(上)

Dao接口及实现

package cn.kt.springcloud.dao;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Order;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 10:46
 * 描述:
 */

@Mapper
public interface OrderDao {
    //1 新建订单
    void create(Order order);

    //2 修改订单状态,从零改为1
    void update(@Param("userId") Long userId, @Param("status") Integer status);
}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >

<mapper namespace="cn.kt.springcloud.dao.OrderDao">
    <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Order">
        <id column="id" property="id" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="user_id" property="userId" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="product_id" property="productId" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="count" property="count" jdbcType="INTEGER"/>
        <result column="money" property="money" jdbcType="DECIMAL"/>
        <result column="status" property="status" jdbcType="INTEGER"/>
    </resultMap>

    <insert id="create">
        insert into t_order (id, user_id, product_id, count, money, status)
        values (null, #{userId}, #{productId}, #{count}, #{money}, 0);
    </insert>

    <update id="update">
        update t_order
        set status = 1
        where user_id = #{userId}
          and status = #{status};
    </update>
</mapper>

Service接口及实现

  • OrderService

    • OrderServiceImpl
  • StorageService

  • AccountService

package cn.kt.springcloud.service;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Order;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 10:55
 * 描述:
 */
public interface OrderService {
    void create(Order order);
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.service;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.CommonResult;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:02
 * 描述:
 */

import java.math.BigDecimal;

@FeignClient(value = "seata-storage-service")
public interface StorageService {
    @PostMapping(value = "/storage/decrease")
    CommonResult decrease(@RequestParam("productId") Long productId, @RequestParam("count") Integer count);
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.service;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.CommonResult;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:01
 * 描述:
 */

@FeignClient(value = "seata-account-service")
public interface AccountService {
    @PostMapping(value = "/account/decrease")
    CommonResult decrease(@RequestParam("userId") Long userId, @RequestParam("money") BigDecimal money);
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.service.impl;

import cn.kt.springcloud.dao.OrderDao;
import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Order;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.AccountService;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.OrderService;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.StorageService;
import io.seata.spring.annotation.GlobalTransactional;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:00
 * 描述:
 */

@Service
@Slf4j
public class OrderServiceImpl implements OrderService {
    @Resource
    private OrderDao orderDao;
    @Resource
    private StorageService storageService;
    @Resource
    private AccountService accountService;

    /**
     * 创建订单->调用库存服务扣减库存->调用账户服务扣减账户余额->修改订单状态
     * 简单说:下订单->扣库存->减余额->改状态
     */
    @Override
    //@GlobalTransactional(name = "my_tx_group",rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public void create(Order order) {
        log.info("----->开始新建订单");
        //1 新建订单
        orderDao.create(order);

        //2 扣减库存
        log.info("----->订单微服务开始调用库存,做扣减Count");
        storageService.decrease(order.getProductId(), order.getCount());
        log.info("----->订单微服务开始调用库存,做扣减end");

        //3 扣减账户
        log.info("----->订单微服务开始调用账户,做扣减Money");
        accountService.decrease(order.getUserId(), order.getMoney());
        log.info("----->订单微服务开始调用账户,做扣减end");

        //4 修改订单状态,从零到1,1代表已经完成
        log.info("----->修改订单状态开始");
        orderDao.update(order.getUserId(), 0);
        log.info("----->修改订单状态结束");

        log.info("----->下订单结束了,O(∩_∩)O哈哈~");
    }
}

Seata之Order-Module撸码(下)

Controller

package cn.kt.springcloud.controller;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.CommonResult;
import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Order;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.OrderService;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:21
 * 描述:
 */

@RestController
public class OrderController {
    @Resource
    private OrderService orderService;

    @GetMapping("/order/create")
    public CommonResult create(Order order) {
        orderService.create(order);
        return new CommonResult(200, "订单创建成功");
    }
}

Config配置

  • MyBatisConfig
  • DataSourceProxyConfig
package cn.kt.springcloud.config;

import org.mybatis.spring.annotation.MapperScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:24
 * 描述:
 */

@Configuration
@MapperScan({"cn.kt.springcloud.dao"})
public class MyBatisConfig {
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.config;

import com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource;
import io.seata.rm.datasource.DataSourceProxy;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean;
import org.mybatis.spring.transaction.SpringManagedTransactionFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Primary;
import org.springframework.core.io.support.PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:24
 * 描述: 使用Seata对数据源进行代理
 */
@Configuration
public class DataSourceProxyConfig {

    @Value("${mybatis.mapperLocations}")
    private String mapperLocations;

    @Bean
    @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource")
    public DruidDataSource druidDataSource() {
        return new DruidDataSource();
    }

    @Primary
    @Bean
    public DataSourceProxy dataSource(DruidDataSource druidDataSource) {
        return new DataSourceProxy(druidDataSource);
    }
}

主启动

package cn.kt.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:25
 * 描述:
 */
@EnableDiscoveryClient
@EnableFeignClients
//取消数据源的自动创建,而是使用自己定义的
@SpringBootApplication(exclude = DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class)
public class SeataOrderMainApp2001 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SeataOrderMainApp2001.class, args);
    }
}

Seata之Storage-Module说明

与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同

seata-storage-service2002

POM(与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同)

YML

server:
  port: 2002

spring:
  application:
    name: seata-storage-service
  cloud:
    nacos:
      discovery:
        server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata_storage
    username: root
    password: 123456

feign:
  hystrix:
    enabled: false

logging:
  level:
    io:
      seata: info

mybatis:
  mapperLocations: classpath:mapper/*.xml

seata:
  tx-service-group: my_tx_group
  config:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111 #填线上Nacos的IP:PORT
      namespace: #命名空间,使用默认的不用填
      group: SEATA_GROUP #组
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
      data-id: seataServer.properties #seataServer配置文件
  registry:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      application: seata-server #注册服务名称
      server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111 #填线上Nacos的IP:PORT
      group: SEATA_GROUP #组
      namespace: #命名空间,使用默认的不用填
      cluster: default
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
  store:
    mode: db
    db:
      datasource: druid
      db-type: mysql
      driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
      url: jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata?serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai #填线上Mysql的IP:PORT,seata数据库名,要和前面插入seata表同一个名
      user: root #数据库账号
      password: 123456 #数据库密码
      min-conn: 5
      max-conn: 100
      global-table: global_table
      branch-table: branch_table
      lock-table: lock_table
      distributed-lock-table: distributed_lock
      query-limit: 100
      max-wait: 5000
  service:
    vgroup-mapping:
      my_tx_group: my_tx_group
    grouplist:
      default: 10.211.55.5:8091

domain

package cn.kt.springcloud.domain;

import lombok.Data;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:21
 * 描述:
 */

@Data
public class Storage {

    private Long id;

    /**
     * 产品id
     */
    private Long productId;

    /**
     * 总库存
     */
    private Integer total;

    /**
     * 已用库存
     */
    private Integer used;

    /**
     * 剩余库存
     */
    private Integer residue;
}

CommonResult(与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同)

Dao接口及实现

package cn.kt.springcloud.dao;

import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:23
 * 描述:
 */

@Mapper
public interface StorageDao {

    //扣减库存
    void decrease(@Param("productId") Long productId, @Param("count") Integer count);
}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >

<mapper namespace="cn.kt.springcloud.dao.StorageDao">

    <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Storage">
        <id column="id" property="id" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="product_id" property="productId" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="total" property="total" jdbcType="INTEGER"/>
        <result column="used" property="used" jdbcType="INTEGER"/>
        <result column="residue" property="residue" jdbcType="INTEGER"/>
    </resultMap>

    <update id="decrease">
        UPDATE
            t_storage
        SET used    = used + #{count},
            residue = residue - #{count}
        WHERE product_id = #{productId}
    </update>

</mapper>

Service接口及实现

package cn.kt.springcloud.service;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:26
 * 描述:
 */
public interface StorageService {
    /**
     * 扣减库存
     */
    void decrease(Long productId, Integer count);
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.service.impl;
import cn.kt.springcloud.dao.StorageDao;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.StorageService ;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:27
 * 描述:
 */

@Service
public class StorageServiceImpl implements StorageService {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(StorageServiceImpl.class);

    @Resource
    private StorageDao storageDao;

    /**
     * 扣减库存
     */
    @Override
    public void decrease(Long productId, Integer count) {
        LOGGER.info("------->storage-service中扣减库存开始");
        storageDao.decrease(productId,count);
        LOGGER.info("------->storage-service中扣减库存结束");
    }
}

Controller

package cn.kt.springcloud.controller;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.CommonResult;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.StorageService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:28
 * 描述:
 */

@RestController
public class StorageController {

    @Autowired
    private StorageService storageService;

    /**
     * 扣减库存
     */
    @PostMapping("/storage/decrease")
    public CommonResult decrease(Long productId, Integer count) {
        storageService.decrease(productId, count);
        return new CommonResult(200, "扣减库存成功!");
    }
}

Config配置(与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同)

主启动

package cn.kt.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:25
 * 描述:
 */
@EnableDiscoveryClient
@EnableFeignClients
//取消数据源的自动创建,而是使用自己定义的
@SpringBootApplication(exclude = DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class)
public class SeataStorageMainApp2002 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SeataStorageMainApp2002.class, args);
    }
}

Seata之Account-Module说明

与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同

seata-account-service2003

POM(与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同)

YML

server:
  port: 2003

spring:
  application:
    name: seata-account-service
  cloud:
    nacos:
      discovery:
        server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata_account
    username: root
    password: 123456

feign:
  hystrix:
    enabled: false

logging:
  level:
    io:
      seata: info

mybatis:
  mapperLocations: classpath:mapper/*.xml

seata:
  tx-service-group: my_tx_group
  config:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111 #填线上Nacos的IP:PORT
      namespace: #命名空间,使用默认的不用填
      group: SEATA_GROUP #组
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
      data-id: seataServer.properties #seataServer配置文件
  registry:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      application: seata-server #注册服务名称
      server-addr: 10.211.55.5:1111 #填线上Nacos的IP:PORT
      group: SEATA_GROUP #组
      namespace: #命名空间,使用默认的不用填
      cluster: default
      username: nacos
      password: nacos
  store:
    mode: db
    db:
      datasource: druid
      db-type: mysql
      driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
      url: jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.5:3306/seata?serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai #填线上Mysql的IP:PORT,seata数据库名,要和前面插入seata表同一个名
      user: root #数据库账号
      password: 123456 #数据库密码
      min-conn: 5
      max-conn: 100
      global-table: global_table
      branch-table: branch_table
      lock-table: lock_table
      distributed-lock-table: distributed_lock
      query-limit: 100
      max-wait: 5000
  service:
    vgroup-mapping:
      my_tx_group: my_tx_group
    grouplist:
      default: 10.211.55.5:8091

domain

package cn.kt.springcloud.domain;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:36
 * 描述:
 */

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Account {

    private Long id;

    /**
     * 用户id
     */
    private Long userId;

    /**
     * 总额度
     */
    private BigDecimal total;

    /**
     * 已用额度
     */
    private BigDecimal used;

    /**
     * 剩余额度
     */
    private BigDecimal residue;
}

CommonResult(与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同)

Dao接口及实现

package cn.kt.springcloud.dao;

import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:41
 * 描述:
 */

@Mapper
public interface AccountDao {

    /**
     * 扣减账户余额
     */
    void decrease(@Param("userId") Long userId, @Param("money") BigDecimal money);
}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >

<mapper namespace="cn.kt.springcloud.dao.AccountDao">

    <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="cn.kt.springcloud.domain.Account">
        <id column="id" property="id" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="user_id" property="userId" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <result column="total" property="total" jdbcType="DECIMAL"/>
        <result column="used" property="used" jdbcType="DECIMAL"/>
        <result column="residue" property="residue" jdbcType="DECIMAL"/>
    </resultMap>

    <update id="decrease">
        UPDATE t_account
        SET residue = residue - #{money},
            used    = used + #{money}
        WHERE user_id = #{userId};
    </update>

</mapper>

Service接口及实现

package cn.kt.springcloud.service;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;

import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:44
 * 描述:
 */

public interface AccountService {

    /**
     * 扣减账户余额
     *
     * @param userId 用户id
     * @param money  金额
     */
    void decrease(@RequestParam("userId") Long userId, @RequestParam("money") BigDecimal money);
}
package cn.kt.springcloud.service.impl;

import cn.kt.springcloud.dao.AccountDao;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.AccountService;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:45
 * 描述:
 */

@Service
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AccountServiceImpl.class);

    @Resource
    AccountDao accountDao;

    /**
     * 扣减账户余额
     */
    @Override
    public void decrease(Long userId, BigDecimal money) {
        LOGGER.info("------->account-service中扣减账户余额开始");
        //模拟超时异常,全局事务回滚
        //暂停几秒钟线程
        /*try {
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(20);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }*/
        accountDao.decrease(userId, money);
        LOGGER.info("------->account-service中扣减账户余额结束");
    }
}

Controller

package cn.kt.springcloud.controller;

import cn.kt.springcloud.domain.CommonResult;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.AccountService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:46
 * 描述:
 */

@RestController
public class AccountController {

    @Resource
    AccountService accountService;

    /**
     * 扣减账户余额
     */
    @PostMapping("/account/decrease")
    public CommonResult decrease(@RequestParam("userId") Long userId, @RequestParam("money") BigDecimal money) {
        accountService.decrease(userId, money);
        return new CommonResult(200, "扣减账户余额成功!");
    }
}

Config配置(与seata-order-service2001模块大致相同)

主启动

package cn.kt.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/4 11:25
 * 描述:
 */
@EnableDiscoveryClient
@EnableFeignClients
//取消数据源的自动创建,而是使用自己定义的
@SpringBootApplication(exclude = DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class)
public class SeataAccountMainApp2003 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SeataAccountMainApp2003.class, args);
    }
}

Seata之@GlobalTransactional验证

下订单 -> 减库存 -> 扣余额 -> 改(订单)状态

数据库初始情况:

正常下单 -http://localhost:2001/order/create?userId=1&productId=1&count=10&money=100

运行后台:

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客
微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

数据库正常下单后状况:
微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客


超时异常,没加@GlobalTransactional

模拟AccountServiceImpl添加超时

package cn.kt.springcloud.service.impl;

import cn.kt.springcloud.dao.AccountDao;
import cn.kt.springcloud.service.AccountService;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/**
 * Created by tao.
 * Date: 2022/9/17 16:45
 * 描述:
 */
@Service
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AccountServiceImpl.class);

    @Resource
    AccountDao accountDao;

    /**
     * 扣减账户余额
     */
    @Override
    public void decrease(Long userId, BigDecimal money) {
        LOGGER.info("------->account-service中扣减账户余额开始");
        //模拟超时异常,全局事务回滚
        //暂停几秒钟线程
        try {
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(20);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        accountDao.decrease(userId, money);
        LOGGER.info("------->account-service中扣减账户余额结束");
    }
}

另外,OpenFeign的调用默认时间是1s以内,所以最后会抛异常。

数据库情况

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

故障情况

  • 当库存和账户金额扣减后,订单状态并没有设置为已经完成,没有从零改为1
  • 而且由于feign的重试机制,账户余额还有可能被多次扣减

超时异常,加了@GlobalTransactional

用@GlobalTransactional标注OrderServiceImpl的create()方法。

@Service
@Slf4j
public class OrderServiceImpl implements OrderService {

    ...

    /**
     * 创建订单->调用库存服务扣减库存->调用账户服务扣减账户余额->修改订单状态
     * 简单说:下订单->扣库存->减余额->改状态
     */
    @Override
    //rollbackFor = Exception.class表示对任意异常都进行回滚
    @GlobalTransactional(name = "my_tx_group",rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public void create(Order order)
    {
        ...
    }
}

还是模拟AccountServiceImpl添加超时,下单后数据库数据并没有任何改变,记录都添加不进来,达到出异常,数据库回滚的效果

Seata之原理简介

2019年1月份蚂蚁金服和阿里巴巴共同开源的分布式事务解决方案。

Simple Extensible Autonomous Transaction Architecture,简单可扩展自治事务框架。

2020起始,用1.0以后的版本。Alina Gingertail

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

分布式事务的执行流程

  • TM开启分布式事务(TM向TC注册全局事务记录) ;
  • 按业务场景,编排数据库、服务等事务内资源(RM向TC汇报资源准备状态) ;
  • TM结束分布式事务,事务一阶段结束(TM通知TC提交/回滚分布式事务) ;
  • TC汇总事务信息,决定分布式事务是提交还是回滚;
  • TC通知所有RM提交/回滚资源,事务二阶段结束。

AT模式如何做到对业务的无侵入

  • 是什么

前提

  • 基于支持本地 ACID 事务的关系型数据库。
  • Java 应用,通过 JDBC 访问数据库。

整体机制

两阶段提交协议的演变:

  • 一阶段:业务数据和回滚日志记录在同一个本地事务中提交,释放本地锁和连接资源。

  • 二阶段:

    • 提交异步化,非常快速地完成。
    • 回滚通过一阶段的回滚日志进行反向补偿。

link

  • 一阶段加载

在一阶段,Seata会拦截“业务SQL”

  1. 解析SQL语义,找到“业务SQL" 要更新的业务数据,在业务数据被更新前,将其保存成"before image”
  2. 执行“业务SQL" 更新业务数据,在业务数据更新之后,
  3. 其保存成"after image”,最后生成行锁。

以上操作全部在一个数据库事务内完成, 这样保证了一阶段操作的原子性。

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

  • 二阶段提交

二阶段如果顺利提交的话,因为"业务SQL"在一阶段已经提交至数据库,所以Seata框架只需将一阶段保存的快照数据和行锁删掉,完成数据清理即可。

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

  • 二阶段回滚

二阶段如果是回滚的话,Seata 就需要回滚一阶段已经执行的 “业务SQL",还原业务数据。

回滚方式便是用"before image"还原业务数据;但在还原前要首先要校验脏写,对比“数据库当前业务数据”和"after image"。

如果两份数据完全一致就说明没有脏写, 可以还原业务数据,如果不一致就说明有脏写, 出现脏写就需要转人工处理。

微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

补充
微服务(十六)——Seata 分布式事务框架-左眼会陪右眼哭の博客

学习源码

https://gitee.com/KT1205529635/springcloud/tree/master/code/springcloud

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